Salmon Fishing tips
Salmon refers to a number of common fish species belonging to the Salmonidae family. Salmon are divided into two genera namely Oncorhynchus and Salmo. They live both in saltwater and fresh water. They are hatched in freshwater and move to saltwater later coming back to the exact spot in freshwater where they were hatched to spawn. The young salmon feed on plankton's. Invertebrates and insects whereas the adults feed on shrimp, eels, squid and other fish.
When and where we can do fishing.
The behavior of salmon fish is complicated and undefinable for the angler mainly by a number of issues including the prevailing weather conditions and the season one chooses to fish. The salmon do not feed while in freshwater, but interestingly they can take a bait if presented well. However, they become dour with their continued stay in freshwater. The fish moves to freshwater during the cold season but becomes more active with a rise in temperature at around 7C/45F. The salmon fish go deep with a drop in temperature hence one should sink the fly whereas a rise in temperature makes the fish move towards a floating line. Catching salmon during summer is more productive at dusk and at dawn.
How to catch salmon in freshwater
Fishing for salmon in freshwater can either be done from a boat or at the shore. Boat fishing is preferable because it offers the anglers a wide fishing area compared to shore fishing. A number of fishing methods can be used to catch salmon in freshwater including trolling, drift fishing, plunking and float fishing. Trolling involves fishing with a boat that is always on the move and trollers use down riggers, divers or weights to reach the preferred depths to present the lures or baits. Trolling in freshwater for salmon majorly takes place in the shallow ends of big rivers where the incoming tides slows down the river flow leading to an upstream flow. Salmon trolling becomes easy in such areas by use of a 20-25 pound fishing rod. Drift fishing for salmon involves casting the line upstream and letting it to drift through the pool or run and repeating the process until a fish strikes. Additionally, salmon fish can be caught in freshwater by using the plunking method whereby you cast the gear through the migratory path of the fish without moving and wait for a fish to strike.
Salmon Fishing Tips, Tricks and Tactics
1. Sharpen the hooks
The jawline of salmon is thick and tough therefore calling for a sharp hook to increase the chances of catching them.
2. Choosing the bait
Roe is the commonly used live bait for catching salmon however there better options available. You can use cut bait which is essentially a fish strip usually a smelt or a herring. Spoon and flash trap spinners have also proved useful in catching salmon fish. The spoon is an artificial lure that imitates the fish movements making the fish to bite the lure.
3. Add a flash
Attach something flashy to your bait to attract the fish. Salmon prefer areas with low lighting so the moment they see something flashy they get attracted and move towards it.
4. Use a red line
The red color gets to disappear in water becoming invisible the moments it sinks to as little as 15 feet deep. As such, the fish is unable to see the line in deep ends making it to look life-like hence get tempted to bite.